By S. Peratur. Mercer University.
Metabolic syndrome is a very important concept for everyone in the psychiatric community to understand buy propecia online. One reason is that metabolic syndrome is the current hot topic in mental health management and everyone is talking about it generic 5 mg propecia amex; hopefully purchase propecia without a prescription, this includes your healthcare professionals. Metabolic Syndrome is a group of risk factors present in a single individual that promote the development of coronary artery disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. The symptoms of metabolic syndrome include:unhealthy cholesterol levelsexcess belly fat (waist circumference over 35" for women and 40" for men)Those with metabolic syndrome are at risk of serious health problems including heart attack, stroke and diabetes. In fact, the chance for diabetes can be as much as five times higher than in the general public. A person is said to have metabolic syndrome when elevations of the above measurements are present along with the increased waist size. There are two direct connections between psychiatric disorders and metabolic syndrome:poor diet and exercise regimenYears of research show that psychiatric disorders are associated with heavy smoking, reduced income, lack of exercise, poor diet in terms of nutrition, obesity and medications that cause weight gain. Due to treatment with certain high-risk antipsychotic medications, those with schizophrenia are at the highest risk of developing the risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome, closely followed by those with bipolar disorder. One of the key reasons is because some antipsychotic medications can raise blood sugars and cholesterol to dangerous levels and produce significant weight gain (referred to as "antipsychotic induced weight gain"). When you experience the risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome, it doubles your risk of blood vessel and heart disease, which can lead to heart attacks and strokes. And as mentioned above, you also increase your risk of diabetes by five times. More details on the link between antipsychotic medications, metabolic syndrome and diabetes here. Find out why Clozaril is prescribed, side effects of Clozaril, Clozaril warnings, effects of Clozaril during pregnancy, more - in plain English. Clozaril is given to help people with severe schizophrenia who have failed to respond to standard treatments. Clozaril is not a cure, but it can help some people return to more normal lives. Even though it does not produce some of the disturbing side effects of other antipsychotic medications, Clozaril may cause agranulocytosis, a potentially lethal disorder of the white blood cells. Because of the risk of agranulocytosis, anyone who takes Clozaril is required to have a blood test once a week for the first 6 months. If your blood counts have been acceptable for the 6-month period, you will need to have your blood tested only every other week thereafter. Anyone whose blood test results are abnormal will be taken off Clozaril either temporarily or permanently, depending on the results of an additional 4 weeks of testing. Because of the significant risk of serious side effects associated with this drug, your doctor will periodically reassess the need for continued Clozaril therapy. Clozaril is distributed only through the Clozaril Patient Management System, which ensures regular white blood cell testing, monitoring, and pharmacy services prior to delivery of your next supply. If you stop taking Clozaril for more than 2 days, do not start taking it again without consulting your physician. If any develop or change in intensity, inform your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking Clozaril. The most feared side effect of Clozaril is agranulocytosis, a dangerous drop in the number of a certain kind of white blood cell. Symptoms include fever, lethargy, sore throat, and weakness. If not caught in time, agranulocytosis can be fatal. That is why all people who take Clozaril must have a blood test every week. About 1 percent develop agranulocytosis and must stop taking the drug. Seizures are another potential side effect, occurring in some 5 percent of people who take Clozaril. The higher the dosage, the greater the risk of seizures. More common side effects of Clozaril may include: Abdominal discomfort, agitation, confusion, constipation, disturbed sleep, dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth, fainting, fever, headache, heartburn, high blood pressure, inability to sit down, loss or slowness of muscle movement, low blood pressure, nausea, nightmares, rapid heartbeat and other heart conditions, restlessness, rigidity, salivation, sedation, sweating, tremors, vertigo, vision problems, vomiting, weight gain nLess common side effects may include: Anemia, angina (severe, crushing chest pain), anxiety, appetite increase, blocked intestine, blood clots, bloodshot eyes, bluish tinge in the skin, breast pain or discomfort, bronchitis, bruising, chest pain, chills or chills and fever, constant involuntary eye movement, coughing, delusions, depression, diarrhea, difficult or labored breathing, difficulty swallowing, dilated pupils, disorientation, dry throat, ear disorders, ejaculation problems, excessive movement, eyelid disorder, fast, fluttery heartbeat, fatigue, fluid retention, frequent urination, glaucoma (high pressure in the eye), hallucinations, heart problems, hives, hot flashes, impacted stool, impotence, inability to fall asleep or stay asleep, inability to hold urine, inability to urinate, increase or decrease in sex drive, involuntary movement, irritability, itching, jerky movements, joint pain, lack of coordination, laryngitis, lethargy, light-headedness (especially when rising quickly from a seated or lying position), loss of appetite, loss of speech, low body temperature, memory loss, muscle pain or ache, muscle spasm, muscle weakness, nosebleed, numbness, pain in back, neck, or legs, painful menstruation, pallor, paranoia, pneumonia or pneumonia-like symptoms, poor coordination, rapid breathing, rash, runny nose, shakiness, shortness of breath, skin inflammation, redness, scaling, slow heartbeat, slurred speech, sneezing, sore or numb tongue, speech difficulty, stomach pain, stuffy nose, stupor, stuttering, swollen salivary glands, thirst, throat discomfort, tics, twitching, urination problems, vaginal infection, vaginal itch, a vague feeling of being sick, weakness, wheezing, yellow skin and eyesClozaril is considered a somewhat risky medication because of its potential to cause agranulocytosis and seizures. It should be taken only by people whose condition is serious, and who have not been helped by more traditional antipsychotic medications such as Haldol or Mellaril. You have a bone marrow disease or disorder;You have epilepsy that is not controlled;You ever developed an abnormal white blood cell count while taking Clozaril;You are currently taking some other drug, such as Tegretol, that could cause a decrease in white blood cell count or a drug that could affect the bone marrow;You have ever had an allergic reaction to any of its ingredients. Clozaril can cause drowsiness, especially at the start of treatment. For this reason, and also because of the potential for seizures, you should not drive, swim, climb, or operate dangerous machinery while you are taking this medication, at least in the early stages of treatment. Even though you will have blood tests weekly for the first 6 months of treatment and every other week after that, you should stay alert for early symptoms of agranulocytosis: weakness, lethargy, fever, sore throat, a general feeling of illness, a flu-like feeling, or ulcers of the lips, mouth, or other mucous membranes. If any such symptoms develop, tell your doctor immediately. Especially during the first 3 weeks of treatment, you may develop a fever. While taking Clozaril, do not drink alcohol or use drugs of any kind, including over-the-counter medicines, without first checking with your doctor. If you take Clozaril, you must be monitored especially closely if you have either the eye condition called narrow-angle glaucoma or an enlarged prostate; Clozaril could make these conditions worse. On rare occasions, Clozaril can cause intestinal problems--constipation, impaction, or blockage--that can, in extreme cases, be fatal. In very rare cases, Clozaril has been known to cause a potentially fatal inflammation of the heart. This problem is most likely to surface during the first month of treatment, but has also occurred later. Warning signs include unexplained fatigue, shortness of breath, fever, chest pain, and a rapid or pounding heartbeat. If you develop these symptoms, see your doctor immediately. Even a suspicion of heart inflammation warrants discontinuation of Clozaril. Especially when you begin taking Clozaril, you may be troubled by a dramatic drop in blood pressure whenever you first stand up. This can lead to light-headedness, fainting, or even total collapse and cardiac arrest. Both problems are more dangerous for someone with a heart problem.
Zoloft is a member of the family of drugs called "selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors buy genuine propecia on line. Ordinarily order propecia amex, it is quickly reabsorbed after its release at the junctures between nerves best propecia 1mg. Re-uptake inhibitors such as Zoloft slow this process, thereby boosting the levels of serotonin available in the brain. Do not take Zoloft within 2 weeks of taking any drug classified as an MAO inhibitor. Drugs in this category include the antidepressants Marplan, Nardil, and Parnate. When serotonin boosters such as Zoloft are combined with MAO inhibitors, serious and sometimes fatal reactions can occur. Take Zoloft exactly as prescribed: once a day, in either the morning or the evening. Zoloft is available in capsule and oral concentrate forms. To prepare Zoloft oral concentrate, use the dropper provided. Measure out the amount of concentrate prescribed by your doctor and mix it with 4 ounces of water, ginger ale, lemon/lime soda, lemonade, or orange juice. At times, a slight haze may appear after mixing, but this is normal. Improvement with Zoloft may not be seen for several days to a few weeks. You should expect to keep taking it for at least several months. For temporary relief suck a hard candy, chew gum, or melt bits of ice in your mouth. If any develop or change in intensity, inform your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking Zoloft. More common Zoloft side effects may include: Abdominal pain, agitation, anxiety, constipation, decreased sex drive, diarrhea or loose stools, difficulty with ejaculation, dizziness, dry mouth, fatigue, gas, headache, decreased appetite, increased sweating, indigestion, insomnia, nausea, nervousness, pain, rash, sleepiness, sore throat, tingling or pins and needles, tremor, vision problems, vomitingLess common or rare side effects may include: Acne, allergic reaction, altered taste, back pain, blindness, breast development in males, breast pain or enlargement, breathing difficulties, bruise-like marks on the skin, cataracts, changeable emotions, chest pain, cold, clammy skin, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), coughing, difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing, double vision, dry eyes, eye pain, fainting, feeling faint upon arising from a sitting or lying position, feeling of illness, female and male sexual problems, fever, fluid retention, flushing, frequent urination, hair loss, heart attack, hemorrhoids, hiccups, high blood pressure, high pressure within the eye (glaucoma), hearing problems, hot flushes, impotence, inability to stay seated, increased appetite, increased salivation, increased sex drive, inflamed nasal passages, inflammation of the penis, intolerance to light, irregular heartbeat, itching, joint pains, kidney failure, lack of coordination, lack of sensation, leg cramps, menstrual problems, low blood pressure, migraine, movement problems, muscle cramps or weakness, need to urinate during the night, nosebleed, pain upon urination, prolonged erection, purplish spots on the skin, racing heartbeat, rectal hemorrhage, respiratory infection/lung problems, ringing in the ears, rolling eyes, sensitivity to light, sinus inflammation, skin eruptions or inflammation, sleepwalking, sores on tongue, speech problems, stomach and intestinal inflammation, swelling of the face and throat, swollen wrists and ankles, thirst, throbbing heartbeat, twitching, vaginal inflammation, hemorrhage or discharge, yawningZoloft may also cause mental or emotional symptoms such as: Abnormal dreams or thoughts, aggressiveness, exaggerated feeling of well-being, depersonalization ("unreal" feeling), hallucinations, impaired concentration, memory loss, paranoia, rapid mood shifts, suicidal thoughts, tooth-grinding, worsened depressionMany people lose a pound or two of body weight while taking Zoloft. This usually poses no problem but may be a concern if your depression has already caused you to lose a great deal of weight. In a few people, Zoloft may trigger the grandiose, inappropriate, out-of-control behavior called mania or the similar, but less dramatic, "hyper" state called hypomania. Do not use this drug while taking an MAO inhibitor (see "Most important fact about this drug"). Avoid Zoloft if it causes an allergic-type reaction. If you have a kidney or liver disorder, or are subject to seizures, take Zoloft cautiously and under close medical supervision. Your doctor may limit your dosage if you have one of these conditions. Zoloft has not been found to impair the ability to drive or operate machinery. Nevertheless, the manufacturer recommends caution until you know how the drug affects you. If you are sensitive to latex, use caution when handling the dropper provided with the oral concentrate. You should not drink alcoholic beverages while taking Zoloft. Although none is known to interact with Zoloft, interactions remain a possibility. If Zoloft is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining Zoloft with the following:Lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid)MAO inhibitor drugs such as the antidepressants Nardil and ParnateOther serotonin-boosting drugs such as Paxil and ProzacOther antidepressants such as Elavil and SerzoneOver-the-counter drugs such as cold remediesIf you are using the oral concentrate form of Zoloft, do not take disulfiram (Antabuse)The effects of Zoloft during pregnancy have not been adequately studied. If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, inform your doctor immediately. Zoloft should be taken during pregnancy only if it is clearly needed. It is not known whether Zoloft appears in breast milk. Caution is advised when using Zoloft during breastfeeding. Depressive or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder The usual starting dose is 50 milligrams once a day, taken either in the morning or in the evening. Your doctor may increase your dose depending upon your response. Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder Doses may be prescribed throughout the menstrual cycle or limited to the 2 weeks preceding menstruation. If this proves insufficient, the doctor will increase the dose in 50-milligram steps at the start of each new menstrual cycle up to a maximum of 100 milligrams per day in the 2-week regimen or 150 milligrams per day in the full-cycle regimen. After that, the dose increases to 50 milligrams once a day. Depending on your response, your doctor may continue to increase your dose up to a maximum of 200 milligrams a day. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder The starting dose for children aged 6 to 12 is 25 milligrams and for adolescents aged 13 to 17, 50 milligrams. Safety and effectiveness have not been established for children under 6. Any medication taken in excess can have serious consequences. If you suspect an overdose, seek medical attention immediately. Common symptoms of Zoloft overdose include: Agitation, dizziness, nausea, rapid heartbeat, sleepiness, tremor, vomitingOther possible symptoms include coma, stupor, fainting, convulsions, delirium, hallucinations, mania, high or low blood pressure, and slow, rapid, or irregular heartbeatHTTP/1. Here are the steps to building and maintaining a good relationship as well as pitfalls that can harm a relationship. While the early months of a relationship can feel effortless and exciting, successful long-term relationships involve ongoing effort and compromise by both partners. Building healthy patterns early in your relationship can establish a solid foundation for the long run. When you are just starting a relationship, it is important to:Build. Focus on all the considerate things your partner says and does. Happy couples make a point of noticing even small opportunities to say "thank you" to their partner, rather than focusing on mistakes their partner has made.
Other Jaundice (simulating obstructive) generic 1 mg propecia with visa; altered liver function cheap propecia 5mg; weight gain or loss order propecia 1 mg; perspiration; flushing; urinary frequency; drowsiness, dizziness, weakness, and fatigue; headache; parotid swelling; alopecia. Withdrawal Symptoms Though not indicative of addiction, abrupt cessation of treatment after prolonged therapy may produce nausea, headache, and malaise. Dosage should be initiated at a low level and increased gradually, noting carefully the clinical response and any evidence of intolerance. Lower dosages are recommended for elderly patients and adolescents. Lower dosages are also recommended for outpatients as compared to hospitalized patients who will be under close supervision. It is not possible to prescribe a single dosage schedule of Surmontil that will be therapeutically effective in all patients. The physical psychodynamic factors contributing to depressive symptomatology are very complex; spontaneous remissions or exacerbations of depressive symptoms may occur with or without drug therapy. Consequently, the recommended dosage regimens are furnished as a guide which may be modified by factors such as the age of the patient, chronicity and severity of the disease, medical condition of the patient, and degree of psychotherapeutic support. Most antidepressant drugs have a lag period of ten days to four weeks before a therapeutic response is noted. Increasing the dose will not shorten this period but rather increase the incidence of adverse reactions. Usual Adult Dose Outpatients and Office Patients -Initially, 75 mg/day in divided doses, increased to 150 mg/day. Maintenance therapy is in the range of 50 to 150 mg/day. For convenient therapy and to facilitate patient compliance, the total dosage requirement may be given at bedtime. Hospitalized Patients-Initially, 100 mg/day in divided doses. This may be increased gradually in a few days to 200 mg/day, depending upon individual response and tolerance. If improvement does not occur in 2 to 3 weeks, the dose may be increased to the maximum recommended dose of 250 to 300 mg/day. Adolescent and Geriatric Patients-Initially, a dose of 50 mg/day is recommended, with gradual increments up to 100 mg/day, depending upon patient response and tolerance. Maintenance-Following remission, maintenance medication may be required for a longer period of time, at the lowest dose that will maintain remission. Maintenance therapy is preferably administered as a single dose at bedtime. To minimize relapse, maintenance therapy should be continued for about three months. Deaths may occur from overdosage with this class of drugs. Multiple drug ingestion (including alcohol) is common in deliberate tricyclic antidepressant overdose. As the management is complex and changing, it is recommended that the physician contact a poison control center for current information on treatment. Signs and symptoms of toxicity develop rapidly after tricyclic antidepressant overdose, therefore, hospital monitoring is required as soon as possible. Manifestations Critical manifestations of overdose include: cardiac dysrhythmias, severe hypotension, convulsions, and CNS depression, including coma. Changes in the electrocardiogram, particularly in QRS axis or width, are clinically significant indicators of tricyclic antidepressant toxicity. Other signs of overdose may include: confusion, disturbed concentration, transient visual hallucinations, dilated pupils, agitation, hyperactive reflexes, stupor, drowsiness, muscle rigidity, vomiting, hypothermia, hyperpyrexia, or any of the symptoms listed under ADVERSE REACTIONS. Management General Obtain an ECG and immediately initiate cardiac monitoring. A minimum of six hours of observation with cardiac monitoring and observation for signs of CNS or respiratory depression, hypotension, cardiac dysrhythmias and/or conduction blocks, and seizures is necessary. If signs of toxicity occur at any time during this period, extended monitoring is required. There are case reports of patients succumbing to fatal dysrhythmias late after overdose; these patients had clinical evidence of significant poisoning prior to death and most received inadequate gastrointestinal decontamination. Plasma drug levels may not reflect the severity of the poisoning. Therefore, monitoring of plasma drug levels alone should not guide management of the patient. Gastrointestinal Decontamination All patients suspected of tricyclic antidepressant overdose should receive gastrointestinal decontamination. This should include large volume gastric lavage followed by activated charcoal. If consciousness is impaired, the airway should be secured prior to lavage. Cardiovascular A maximal limb-lead QRS duration of ?-U 0. Intravenous sodium bicarbonate should be used to maintain the serum pH in the range of 7. If the pH response is inadequate, hyperventilation may also be used. Concomitant use of hyperventilationand sodium bicarbonate should be done with extreme caution, with frequent pH monitoring. Dysrhythmias unresponsive to sodium bicarbonate therapy/ hyperventilation may respond to lidocaine, bretylium or phenytoin. Type 1A and 1C antiarrhythmics are generally contraindicated (e. In rare instances, hemoperfusion may be beneficial in acute refractory cardiovascular instability in patients with acute toxicity. However, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, exchange transfusions, and forced diuresis generally have been reported as ineffective in tricyclic antidepressant poisoning. CNS In patients with CNS depression, early intubation is advised because of the potential for abrupt deterioration. Seizures should be controlled with benzodiazepines, or if these are ineffective, other anticonvulsants (e. Physostigmine is not recommended except to treat life-threatening symptoms that have been unresponsive to other therapies, and then only in consultation with a poison control center. Psychiatric Follow-up Since overdosage is often deliberate, patients may attempt suicide by other means during the recovery phase. Pediatric Management The principles of management of child and adult overdosages are similar.
To offer binge eating disorder help purchase propecia amex, try these things buy propecia 1 mg line. Educate yourself about binge eating and binge eating support purchase propecia 5mg with mastercard. Most people have very common but very wrong perceptions about what overeating is, and this lack of knowledge affects the kind of overeating help they can offer. Overeating help can only be truly offered once binge eating disorder is understood. Offer binge eating disorder support without judgment. Most binge eaters already judge themselves harshly for their binge eating behavior. They often feel shame and suffer from low self-esteem so the last thing they need is to experience judgment from those offering binge eating support. The binge eater needs a chance to express themselves, the process of recovery and their needs without fearing the overeating help will disappear. While those offering overeating help should never turn into the "food police," loved ones can offer binge eating support by purchasing, or not purchasing, specific foods likely to spark a binge. The binge eater may slip up from time-to-time, but this is an expected part of treatment. The important thing for the binge eater to remember is that recovery is a process and binge eating support practices can help get them through it. Binge eating support should always include positive, self-nurturing activities such as yoga or meditation. Journaling binge eating thoughts is another way of including overeating help in daily life. These activities are part of the overeater learning to be kind to and love themselves. Additional binge eating disorder support and coping techniques for the overeater include: Easing up on themselves - no one is perfect and no one deals with an eating disorder perfectly all the time. Identifying possible triggers - understanding the possible triggers of a binge is important, so those triggers can be dealt with ahead of time. Binge eating therapy can be used to develop the skills to identify and cope with triggers. Looking for positive role models - binge eating disorder help does not come in the form of overthin models and actresses. Looking for role models who can lift self-esteem and provide a healthy body image is best for binge eating support. Finding a trusted friend - treatment of binge eating disorder will bring up many issues for the binge eater and they need the right person to open up to; knowing the person will offer binge eating disorder support. It gives all the overeaters the opportunity to offer binge eating support and be supported through their recovery as well. Every binge eater has a binge eating disorder story to share. Each person has a unique road from binge eating to overcoming overeating. Reading these binge eating disorder stories can be of help in overcoming binge eating disorder. Binge eating disorder often has its roots in psychological issues, part of which drives the compulsive overeater to feel shame and hide their overeating symptoms and behaviors. Binge eating disorder stories about overcoming overeating can help a binge eater realize they have a problem and may be the key in getting the binge eater to seek professional binge eating disorder treatment. Many binge eating stories start with a person in denial about their eating disorder. The compulsive overeater reading the story is often also in denial. Seeing themselves echoed in the stories automatically builds a bond between the reader and the overeater (author). Binge eating stories then talk about the turning point that initiates the process of overcoming overeating. The turning point often shows the compulsive overeater why they too should get professional help. Finally, binge eating disorder stories talk about the help they needed and their success in overcoming binge eating. Binge eating stories show the readers that help is available and that recovery is difficult, but that ultimately overcoming overeating is worth the effort. This encourages compulsive eaters to get professional help and become one of the successful binge eating stories. This compulsive overeating story is described as "gut wrenching" for the author who continues to work on overcoming overeating. Like many binge eating stories, Maura starts overeating for comfort in seventh grade and experiences worsening overeating patterns as she goes through a trauma of sexual abuse. Maura then tells of getting help, both for her childhood trauma and her eating disorder. As in most binge eating disorder stories, this is the turning point in overcoming overeating for Maura. Eva describes her turning point as a refusal to let others, or society, dictate who she was and what she could do. As in many binge eating stories, Eva comes to realize that the ignorance of others is not a reflection on her or her self-worth. Sunny describes a "frenzied pattern" of eating including sneaking food and overeating at home and while babysitting. Find out more about Sunny, who is now at a healthy weight and runs the site HealthyGirl. This story is written by an anonymous woman in college who has had binge eating disorder for 2-3 years. Unlike many binge eating disorder stories though, her binge eating developed after a five year fight with anorexia. The author describes recovering from anorexia only to gain too much weight and begin bingeing instead of restricting food intake. It took years before she finally admitted she had exchanged one eating disorder for another. She feels unaccepted, has few friends, overspends on food and knows that bingeing wastes time that she should be spending on other things. Finally though, the author becomes more confident about dealing with her overeating. She is seeking binge eating treatment and making progress towards complete recovery. My Story Of BED Compulsive binge eating tends to isolate the binge eater and decrease their self-esteem, making it less likely that the compulsive binge eater will get help. Binge eating videos can be of help in overcoming compulsive overeating as they offer hope, support and they let the binge eater know that they are not alone. Compulsive overeaters may feel like they are the only one with an obsession with food and that to stop overeating is impossible, but videos on binge eating disorder can show overeaters that others have learned how to control binge eating and they can stop overeating too.