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Current management strategies of the postmenopausal patient with sexual health problems buy serophene 25 mg without prescription. It z Neonatal hepatitis is generally mild buy serophene toronto, the serum bilirubin seldom exceeding z Drug-induced hemolytic anemia 12–15 mg% quality 25 mg serophene. It runs Joint—Pronation and Supination in a troughlike groove on the dorsal aspect of the ulnar The most important muscles for pronation and supina- head and, with several tendon fibers, inserts onto the tri- tion are located in the upper arm and forearm. It is much easier to copy a beau- indicated in a thick-skinned patient who requires a reduc- tiful structure than it is to create it from memory. T cells are of two types T 1 granuloma formation by inflammatory cells h h and T 2. The lines must be traced with permanent markers that are not erased during the preparation of the surgical field by alcoholic disinfectants. Atrial Refractoriness Changes in atrial refractoriness could and should have a marked influence on development of reentrant arrhythmias. Irrigation and aspiration of the surgical site should follow to evaluate the rate of bleed- ing. For decades, we have used a combination of light general anes- • It supports the lateral canthal structures by repositioning thesia and a local anesthetic. Owing to its capacity for making gestures, bution of the shoulder joint (continued movement), this the hand plays an important role in interpersonal com- range can increase to up to 230°. An exception to this can occur if there are dual A-V nodal pathways and ventricular pacing shifts antegrade conduction to the slow pathway, yielding a long postpacing cycle. Traditional abdominal plastic surgery is associated with a This technique is not simply using liposuction while per- high rate of morbidity, because of the necessity for undermining forming abdominoplasty but represents a much wider 384 O. Campisi J, d’Adda di Fagagna F (2007) Cellular senescence: lizing enzymes in elderly community residents. This represents a scientifically less debated prob- lem which is, on the contrary, very often mentioned in litigations. Superimposed sepsis is often coexisting underlying household determinants that infuence the in such a situation. The amplitude of the detrusor contraction will tend to increase to cope with any degree of bladder outflow obstruction [36]. It is possible to dilate the cystic duct by removing the microscissors and replacing them with atraumatic long Maryland forceps. A Surgical safety checklist to reduce morbidity and mortality in a global population. Since these data are compiled from many laboratories, however, the order in which a given laboratory selects antiarrhythmic agents to be tested also can influence relative success rate of a given agent. Psychosocial: Conficts with peers, teachers, family tion in special circumstances members. Patients inadequately anesthetized can vomit without the ability to protect the airway. The differential diagnosis includes high transverse vaginal septum, and in some cases, the actual diagnosis may not be clear until surgery. Endocardial catheter mapping and intraoperative mapping are necessary to provide the surgeon with the most information available to direct the surgery. Catheter ablation of ventricular arrhythmia in nonischemic cardiomyopathy: anteroseptal versus inferolateral scar sub-types. Four individual sutures were then inserted into the corners of this patch and passed upward through the endopelvic fascial defect by means of a needle carrier and then tied over the rectus sheath in the same manner as previously. Agreement between cystometry and noninvasive incontinence tests in stress incontinent females. IgG1 This process is utilized in the immunization and IgG3 are capable of interacting with the of women by the administration of anti-RhD Fc receptors on macrophages and therefore, IgG during delivery. After colposuspension, the incidence of new-onset enterocele has a reported incidence of 18%–30% [144,145]. This chapter presents the minimally invasive techniques • Quantity and characteristics of palpebral skin: It is of lower blepharoplasty that, when appropriately selected, important to evaluate the skin excess when the patients produce significant and effective results reducing the risk of look upwards. Unlike very high are satisfactory to as much as 20 µg/kg/min {if the need incidence of meningitis in adult meningococcal infection, be}) and/or steroids (hydrocortisone or dexamethasone) only one-half of the children sufer from this complication. Rotating components and gears are the main sources of vibration in rotary-wing aircraft, whereas engine operation, propellers, and turbulence are the principal sources related to fxed-wing aircraft. Surgical resection for suburethral sling complications after treatment for stress urinary incontinence. Risk of postpartum urinary incontinence associated with pregnancy and mode of delivery. If efflux is not 1755 demonstrated, or if high suspicion remains, retrograde ureteral stents should be passed over a floppy- tipped wire, ideally with fluoroscopic guidance. It is our preference to leave a urethral and suprapubic catheter and remove the urethral catheter within a few days once the urine has cleared. In view of continued growth in the use of robotics in almost every surgical subspecialty and the evolution of robotic platforms, the continued use of simulation and telementoring to enhance surgical performance is thereby assured [139]. Moreover, Bauer eukaryotes as seen from its opposite effects on chronological et al. Most commercial aircraft cabins are pressurized to the equivalent of 6,000–8,000 ft above sea level during fight. The perforating branch of the facial artery should be electrocoagulated by a monopolar current, although the application must be cautious. Following or during stress such as an Clinical Features infection or surgery, life threatening myasthenia crisis may occur. Tolerance can be achieved by target- to be maintained certain degree of chi- ing the antigen to the naive B cell. It is the most persistent, the Sexual reproduction follows when, after many stages of most destructive, the most widespread and the most schizogony, some merozoites transform into sexual stages difcult to control among all the tropical ailments. This finding validates the hypothesis This selective undermining is maintained to this day. Interestingly, though sexual practices changed during pregnancy, they returned to early pregnancy levels in the postpartum period. As a result of this, questionnaires are widely used in clinical settings for this purpose. Up to 20% of asymptomatic healthy adults do not produce normal relaxation during attempted defecation [27]; hence, a finding of dyssynergia on anorectal manometry alone is not diagnostic. On the third beat block in the isthmus occurs leading to initiation of clockwise flutter. A Cochrane Review in 2005 of traditional sling surgery [109] failed to draw any conclusions about the relative efficacy or risk of various sling procedures.

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Comparing frst- class incidents with those in economy class buy serophene, behavior resulting from a passenger’s strong anger occurred in a larger percent in the frst-class incidents order serophene 25 mg line, while inci- dents related to emotional outburst tended to occur in a large percent in the econ- omy class order serophene visa. Decreasing Outlet Resistance at the Level of the Striated Sphincter No class of pharmacological agents selectively relaxes the striated musculature of the pelvic floor. For elective cesarean sections, patients should have fasted for 6 hours after a light meal and 8 hours after a heavy meal. Many other surgeons, of course, adapted this, and incisions of all shapes have been used to expose the area 1084 (Figure 70. If an atrial extrastimulus is delivered during tachycardia when the His is refractory perturbs the timing of the next His, this confirms participation of the slow pathway, consistent with A-V nodal tachycardia. Te condition is infrequent action as 30 hours and ability to maintain a constant blood in children. Retropubic surgeries such as the Burch colposuspension are discussed in Chapter __. A single atrial premature1 depolarization (S ) delivered at a coupling interval of 170 msec during a basic drive cycle length (S -S ) of 6002 1 1 msec induces atrial flutter. Following anti- incontinence surgery, foreign body materials (suture or graft) may be adjacent to or involving the fistulous tract. The proper tension of the sling is adjusted maintaining a Metzenbaum scissors between the urethra and the sling, to prevent undue tension. These injuries span the spectrum of antemortem–perimortem–postmortem with varying degrees of hemorrhage to being completely anemic. That is, the two together exhaust all possibilities regarding the value that the hypothesized parameter can assume. With the exception of Australia and Singapore, all these Defense for Children International, Geneva, has been countries are disadvantaged on account of economical in operation since 1979 to ensure ongoing, systemic deprivation. Gross motor It is a global phenomenon involved in acquisition of new Head/neck holding 3 months motor, social, cognitive and language skills mandatory for Rolling over 5 months optimal functioning of the child. The septum overlying the fat pads is incised either with orbital portion of the orbicularis muscle, the levator labii cautery or sharp scissors. At 1-year follow-up, both groups had significant improvements in prolapse, urinary, bowel, and sexual symptoms. In this instance, no matter how many subsequent stimuli are delivered, that return cycle will be the same and equal to that observed during the flat portion of the resetting response curve. Efficacy and tolerability of mirabegron, a β(3)-adrenoceptor agonist, in patients with overactive bladder: Results from a randomised European-Australian phase 3 trial. Progesterone reduces urethral closure pressures and produces connective changes [3,4] that probably contribute to the high incidence of any antenatal incontinence. It has been pointed out that the key to statistical inference is the sampling distribution. Most often, however, for routine diagnostic purposes initial assessment of left atrial activation is approached indirectly by recording from the coronary sinus. According to the classic tech- positive effect on the capsular contracture and a lesser degree nique, the pectoralis muscle insertions to the overlying breast of visibility of the implant edges has been advocated. Oral therapy as opposed to topical vaginal therapy is preferred because of the frequency of infection of the urethra and periurethral glands, which provide sources for endogenous recurrence [28]. As suggested previously, abnormal or unusual flow rates or curves merit repeating the study. Another tablet sug- barleycorn” was made “in the eyelid horizontally parallel, gested the use of dressing with oil for open wound [2 ]. The corpus spongiosum of the urethra: Its possible role in urinary control and stress incontinence in women. If under tension the nipple-ridge distance is superior to 8 cm, the patients have a ptosis of the breast that will be corrected with great diffi- culty by the implant. Moreover, there effects of a variety of stressors, which cause the accumula- are other less potent, well-known inflammation-modulating tion of molecular and cellular scars. Recently, with the development of resynchronization therapy for heart failure, there has been an interest in developing a program to train heart failure physicians to implant devices in their patients. Etomidate or a high-dose benzodiazepine would be the optimal intravenous anesthetic for this trauma patient. No sudden cardiac death occurred in asymptomatic patients, and only two symptomatic patients died suddenly, one of whom was an athlete with a grossly enlarged and hypertrophied heart (520 g) at autopsy. Its mechanism of action depends on its ability to inhibit tyrosinase synthesis, thereby inhibiting the production of melanin. The sample is a random sample from a population with unknown cumulative distribution function F(x). Decelerating burst and complex repetitive discharges in the striated muscle of the urethral sphincter, associated with urinary retention in women. Among the data collected were the following observations on change in pulmonary arterial pressure (mm Hg) and pulmonary vascular perme- ability assessed by estimation of the reflection coefficient for albumin in perfused lungs with and without preceding ischemia: Ischemic–Perfused Lungs Perfused Lungs Change in Change in Pulmonary Reflection Pulmonary Reflection Pressure Coefficient Pressure Coefficient 8. Lead bullets within joint cavities may be dissolved by synovial fuid leading to lead poisoning. This process in the past has been referred to erroneously as spontaneous human combustion. Usher syndrome, Refsum syndrome, hereditary (Retrolental Fibroplasia) ataxia and Alport syndrome. Intracardiac electrocardiography in the analysis and understanding of cardiac arrhythmias. Preoperative and postoperative analysis of site-specific pelvic support defects in 81 women treated with sacrospinous ligament suspension and pelvic reconstruction. Also shown are previously collected data on children ages 3 to 12 years (A-19) and adults (A-20). Oestrogens for treatment or prevention of pelvic organ prolapse in postmenopausal women. Some polyoma: large T, middle T and little T) play of these proteins function as growth factors important role in the malignant transforma- or growth factor receptors. Within the frst hour or two after birth, the newborn way, by the end of the frst week, to a fairly regularized spends a substantial time in level 4. Though at first glance this equation may seem daunting, it actually is generally easy to find values for the parameters using basic algebra or calculus, as we shall see as the chapter progresses. A five year prospective randomised urodynamic study comparing open and laparoscopic colposuspension. Gammaglobulins Hepatitis B Neomycin may be given in serious cases for sterilization Hepatitis B is transmitted via a parenteral route; of the gut. The tiny submucosal sphere of denatured collagen (circle) deep in the unaffected mucosa is only identified by chronic inflammatory cells clustered on its superior border.

Treatment is usually initiated with empirical therapy when identification by observation is made cheap 50mg serophene. Results Numerous studies on sacrospinous colpopexy have been published buy cheap serophene 50mg on line, including multiple retrospective studies order serophene without a prescription, three prospective studies, three randomized controlled trials including sacrospinous vault suspension compared with abdominal sacrocolpopexy, and one randomized control trial comparing it to uterosacral vault suspension [50,52,69,77,78,82–97]. Its base corresponds with the anterior opening; it has a quadrangular shape and consists of the fron- tal bone at the top, the orbital part of the maxillary bone at the bottom and the inner side, and the zygomatic bone at the bottom and the outer side. A thorough history, physical exam, and noninvasive evaluation are essential to ruling out organic causes 1692 and to establish an etiology [12]. In vivo assessment of anterior compartment compliance and its relation to prolapse. Moreover, areas of late potentials may be distal to areas of low voltage, yet may be critical. Use esmolol infusion to control hyperdynamic circulation in setting of emergency surgery. On the localization and mediation of the centrally induced hyperactive urinary bladder response to L-dopa in the rat. Some This procedure evaluates the morphology of a possible sep- authors also recommend taking photographs (profiles) while tum deviation, the turbinate shape and volume, and the nasal the patient is smiling, to study the movements made by the valve, especially the conjunction between the triangular and nose tip during facial muscle contractions. Testing a nerve with a motor function, its responsiveness can be measured by the electrical stimulation of the nerve and recording the elicited muscle response (Figure 36. The posterior vagus is divided between clips, and a piece is sent for pathological examination (Fig. Lancet 8509(9):74 Katkhouda N, Tricarico A, Mouiel J (1988) Acute pancreatitis: the role of biliary millili- thiasis. Also termed congenital teeth, the condition is of some other manifestations of the disease. In the so-called Mobius Manifestations include bulging fontanel, papilledema, syndrome, there is facial weakness (bilateral) and changes in sensorium, headache, convulsions, vom- iting and other neurological abnormalities like sixth feeding difculty presenting in neonatal period. Type I: Monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis well as the child to fnd the etiologic or, at least, associated 2. Transobturator slings have been reported to have lower rates of bladder (0%– 1%) and urethral injury (0. The use of the artificial urinary sphincter in the treatment of urinary incontinence in the female patient. The neurotoxin component is synthesized as a biologically inactive single-chain polypeptide activated by cleavage of the polypeptide chain into a 100-kDa heavy chain and a 50-kDa light chain linked by a disulfide bond [8,9]. If loss of resistance is used, the glass syringe should be filled with saline, not air, because of the risk of air embolism. Ten an ampoule of hyaluronidase is injected straight into the needle or into the plastic tubing. The skin edges are reapproximated vertically to achieve smoother labia majora skin, less dependent bulk when standing, and increased dermal turgor [65]. In the presence of complete vaginal eversion, the maximum value equals the value of C. Most cases are frst born or late born (fourth or more Pharmacotherapy in sibling rank). Soy is also classified as phytoestrogen, heating, many natural extracts lose their beneficial due to its structural similarity to estrogen, and has received 1194 L. For Mopping up denotes the fnal strategy when door to more details, refer See Chapter 28 (Pediatric Neurology). In very thin patients, the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve and the genital femoral nerve may also be identifed. No exclusive 16th arrondissement where she organized an active technical description of any surgical procedure was supplied, solo practice. The midline suture of the platysma normally starts at the The two main advantages of this technique are the submental sulcus and reaches the superior border of the following: hyoid bone or in some cases, may continue to reach the infe- rior border hyoid bone or even the thyroid cartilage. Tis hemangioma may lead recognized—port wine stain or mark (nevus fameus) is to hypertrophy of the involved limb. Laparoscopic paravaginal repair plus burch colposuspension: Review and descriptive technique. Te causative organism, Clostridium tetani, is widely dis- tributed in the soil, dust and feces of animals and humans. As mentioned above, as well as in Chapter 10, bypass tracts are frequently slanted (see Figs. Urethral injury is much less common than is bladder puncture, with a recent case series documenting less than 1. The success rates are similar for all three approaches varying from 87% to 98% [34–36]. There is only a single randomized study in the literature addressing bowel preparation before benign gynecological surgery, which suggests no evidence to support its routine use [34]. Although the concepts, computations, and interpretations associated with analysis of multiple-variable data may seem complex, they are natural extensions of material explored in previous chapters. Solution: We first find the probability that one child selected at random from the population would be upright more than 8. It enters the true pelvis through the greater sciatic foramen and then runs in the extraperitoneal fat along the lateral wall to reach the obturator canal. Social, Cultural and Political Factors Psychological Changes Social norms and attitudes Relationship with family, friends and teachers Psychological changes include development of: Interaction with peer groups Identity diferent from parents Mass media Self-esteem Government policies. Bacteria 5 Bacteria are detected at concentrations above 10 colony-forming units/mL (cfu) and centrifugation does not increase diagnostic accuracy. Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopes: Allow indirect visualiza- tion of the larynx for awake intubation as well as for patients with unstable cervical spines and airway anomalies. In severe cases, only decreased breath sounds may be heard, with 9 Pediatric Considerations 87 Table 9. Finally, the risk of intrauterine infection rises if delivery is delayed after membrane rupture. Rarely the presence of shoe sole patterns may be observed on the accelerator or brake pedals, indicating what the driver was doing at the time of the impact. Bowel preparation 1516 results in the transfer of fluid and electrolytes to the bowel lumen that may result in hypokalemia and hypothermia and should be utilized perhaps only in those with higher risk of bowel injury such as those with known adhesions or diverticular disease. The capability to do this with catheters has led to the possibility of cure of certain arrhythmias through delivery of ablative energies or chemicals via the catheter, in situations that had previously required surgery. Laparoscopes should be checked frequently to ensure they are in proper working order. Outcomes of catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia in arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy. The lack of intravenous antibiotic prophylaxis, preoperative vaginal ulcerations, and low age at operation were significantly associated with infectious complications [92], and for that reason, prophylactic antibiotics are highly recommended and should be a routine. Tere is an evidence that when pregnancies occur rapidly, z Endocrines: Adrenals atrophied; thyroid involution and fbrosis; perhaps every year, or every other year, incidence of high growth hormone level malnutrition is much higher. Furthermore, the effect of change in cycle length of the refractory period measured as the steep part of the strength-interval curve was similar in normal sites and sites of infarction (39 ± 9 vs. In the case of a stone impacted in the neck of the gallbladder with an empyema or Impacted Stone hydrops of the gallbladder (Fig.

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Hymen malformations are not usually associated with other Müllerian or uterine anomalies order serophene uk. The postop- erative results show improvement in the medial buy generic serophene 50mg line, lateral purchase serophene 100mg on-line, and posterior thighs and around the knees after 25 months (Figs. Aspects on the anatomy of the female urethra with special relation to urinary continence. The peritoneal fap is dissected towards the iliac vessels inferi- orly and then superiorly towards the anterior abdominal wall muscles. New techniques for construction of efferent conduits based on the Mitrofanoff principle. Te external genitalia are, however, of the oppo- z Type I diabetes (juvenile-onset diabetes) is characterized by site sex. When patient complains of tinnitus, look for other manifestations of salicylism, stop the drug and ask Differential Diagnosis for blood salicylate level. Using both trocars, the sigmoid colon is retracted with the left hand, thus exposing the cul de sac (Fig. The production of infra-His block by these agents without termination of the arrhythmia excludes circus movement tachycardia using a concealed atrioventricular bypass tract (see following). The 2002 report recommended that the term “urinary” be included when describing stress, urge, and continuous incontinence, to distinguish urine leakage from fecal or flatal incontinence. Diving safety organizations such as the Divers Alert Network also provide real-time advice to div- ers for medical clearance for fight [36]. An infrequent, brief, simple, mild is indicated in hypoglycemia associated with maternal seizure that does not interfere with cardiorespiratory status diabetes or Rh incompatibility. Two reviews in the 1990s found that the total number of women in the world who had ever been recruited into a randomized trial for stress incontinence surgery was less than 600 in only seven studies [9,10]. It is advisable that such a Infections and vaccines are responsible for this rare dis- patient is treated in a hospital. If possible, use questionnaires that have a proven track record in the area that you intent to study. Sexual function in women before and after suburethral sling operation for stress urinary incontinence: A retrospective questionnaire study. Our Nutritional obesity is exogenous or constitutional in ori- problem is, therefore, the so-called dual burden of under- gin, usually as a result of overeating or poor expenditure on nutrition. The sum of the resulting z values in each case will be distributed as chi-square with n degrees of freedom. Clinically and on investigations, envenomation may be Local Manifestations graded as per Box 38. Dissimilar most difficult challenges, he must pleasantly accept frequent charges attract each other. Suctioning of the gastrostomy tube and upper esophageal pouch tube helps prevent aspiration. Determining which patient will develop fight-related hypoxia 13 Prefight Medical Clearance: Nonurgent Travel via Commercial Aircraft 127 can be challenging; of course, the ability to do so would enable the clinician to make an informed decision. At 28 weeks, it is weak and not Persistence beyond 9–12 months: Pathognomonic synchronized with swallowing. The concave become worse with subsequent growth of the nose and later side of the cartilage will be in compression, the convex side development may lead to a crooked nose. At the top, the lateral canthal tendon continues the levator muscle of the eyelid. The transobturator crossover sling is a relatively simple alternative to major operative procedures in women requiring salvage anti-incontinence surgery. The anterior vaginal wall is infiltrated with local anesthetic and the prior vaginal incision is opened. However, the available data z Global ischemia: Poor systemic perfusion or intense erythrocy- tosis with high hyperviscosity causing seizures, disorientation or suggest that it occurs following group A beta-hemolytic excessive irritability streptococcus throat infection. Intraoperative management: Regional anesthesia can be considered, but high spinal or epidural spread can lead to decreased lung volumes, dyspnea, and retention of copious secretions. It can rarely occur before puberty when the presentation is with pelvic pain; the obstruction in this case is thought to be due to a buildup of mucous secretions from the cervical glands. If the turnaround site of the reentrant circuit incorporated one of the bundle branches, then bundle branch block or impaired conduction in that proximal bundle branch could alter the tachycardia. In establishing the manner of death, one should with occupants of motor vehicles trapped afer colli- consider all aspects of the case including the past medi- sions or intoxicated people passing out and sliding into cal history (i. With the pub- ing flap for the reconstruction of the nose: the Indian lication of Die Operative Chirurgie, in 1845, many surgeons method was thus officially revealed to the Western world. Studies have demonstrated that there is little attention and much imprecision with regard to the angle of incision of mediolateral episiotomy [106]. A hypothesis for the natural history is presented with possible implications for preventative strategies. Patients had failed prior treatment with anticholinergic medication due to either lack of efficacy or intolerability of side effects. However, more complex patients may be selected for outpatient surgery as less invasive techniques become available and economic factors, including changes in cost and reimbursement for health-care services, drive provision of services away from hospital inpatient settings. Tese It is therefore important to understand the analytical organic forms of arsenic (arsenobentaine and arseno- scope of any synthetic cannabinoid test. Tis is in contrast to a sharp force injury, and scraping your knee, or very long, like being dragged which cuts and separates the tissue as it penetrates. This folded-over atrium and bizarre angle required for mapping of the inferior and posterolateral aspects of the right atrium may make mapping of this region difficult using an inferior cava approach. This can be achieved with simple coaching to help the patient slow breathing and decrease minute venti- lation, or with the assistance of bag rebreathing if necessary. Right ventricular hypertrophy, chronic lung disease, and extensive lateral wall myocardial infarction must be excluded. Surgical routes and complications of hysterectomy for benign disorders: A prospective observational study in French university hospitals. On a subsequent complex, conduction suddenly appears with delay toward the atrium and then reverts back to 2:1 conduction. The patient is placed in a low lithotomy position and either the previous Pfannenstiel incision or an infraumbilical midline incision is made. Whether or not sinus node reentry should be distinguished from intra-atrial reentry is a matter of debate; however, because of its characteristic P-wave morphology and atrial activation sequence, sinus node reentry can be addressed as a selected subset of intra-atrial reentrant arrhythmias. This portion of the operation is not necessary in all patients and is independent of rectocele repair. Among peripubertal girls, motivation for labiaplasty is often related to marked asymmetry of the labia minora, anatomic comparison to other girls, normal genital changes associated with puberty, and images on the Internet and in anatomy books [49]. Comparison in the same patient of two programmed ventricular stimulation protocols to induce ventricular tachycardia. It plate and inserts into the lateral orbital tubercle posterior to originates from the inferior fascia and lies atop the inferior the orbital rim, usually measuring 5–7 mm in length (Fig. Any slow- anti-inflammatory and antiphagocytic effects ing of urinary flow increases the chance of and also by suppressing antibody formation. The abdomen should be aesthetically appealing, and the suprapubic skin incision, especially in its lateral portions, only visible scar should be the navel.

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